(ANSA) – VENICE, JULY 30 – The “army” of undeclared workers present in Italy knows no crisis: according to the latest available data referring to the beginning of 2020, in Italy there were 3.2 million irregular workers. In absolute terms, the North is the area of the country with the highest number, equal to 1,281,900, followed by the South with 1,202,400, while in the Center there are 787,700.
However, the ranking changes if we consider the incidence of irregular work on total employment: in this case the area of the country with the highest incidence of irregular work is the South (17.5%), then the Center (13.1%). %) and North (10%); the national average is 12.6%. To say it is the Studies Office of the CGIA of Mestre.
The underground economy in Italy “generates” 76.8 billion euros of added value, a social and economic scourge that, geographically, presents very important differences. In Veneto, for example, with over 203,000 workers employed illegally, it has a rate of 8.8%, while the incidence of the added value produced is 3.5% per cent, the lowest percentage in the country. Followed by Lombardy, the Autonomous Province of Bolzano and Trento (3.6%) and Friuli Venezia Giulia (3.7%). The most critical situations are recorded in the South: in Calabria, against “only” 131,700 irregular workers, the irregularity rate is 21.5% and the incidence of undeclared workers on the regional total amounts to 9.2% (in terms of absolute 2.7 billion euros). Campania follows, with 352,700 non-regular and a rate of 18.7% with a “black” GDP on the regional total of 8.1% (8.1 billion).
“We are inclined to believe – underlines the CGIA – that following the pandemic crisis, which caused a strong increase of workers in the Cig and a general impoverishment of the weakest social groups, the number of irregular workers and the economic effects have increased to an extent important, especially in areas of the country that are traditionally more fragile and economically backward “.
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