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Top medications for diabetes which are helpful.

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Diabetes is a long-term health condition that affects your body’s capacity to extract energy from food. Your body breaks down most of the food and turns it into glucose. When your blood sugar levels rise, the pancreas signals insulin release. Insulin is a doorway to allow glucose to enter your cells for energy.

With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. As a result, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream when there isn’t enough insulin, or cells stop responding to insulin. Over time, that can cause serious health problems like heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.

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Many medications are used to treat diabetes, and the best medication for each person may vary. The most common medications to treat diabetes include insulin, metformin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones.

Insulin:

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Insulin is a chemical that allows cells to absorb glucose, a sugar, from the blood. The pancreas is a gland behind the stomach that’s the main source of insulin in the body. Clusters of cells in the pancreas called islets produce the hormone and transmit it based on blood glucose levels in the body.
Insulin is also beneficial for breaking fat or protein molecules into energy. The trick to a proper blood sugar level is maintaining a careful balance of insulin. If the insulin level is too high or too low, an excessive amount or too little blood sugar may result. If blood sugar levels continue, serious health issues might result.

Metformin:

Metformin: Definition, Uses, Side Effects - Diabetes Self-Management

Metformin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other drugs to control blood glucose levels. It is used in patients with Type II diabetes. Controlling blood glucose levels can prevent kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, leg amputation, and erectile dysfunction. Keeping blood glucose levels in check may also lower your heart attack or stroke risk.
Follow your doctor’s directions, typically taking this medication 1-3 times daily with meals. Make sure to drink enough water while using this medication unless directed by your physician.

Sulfonylureas:

Sulfonylureas are a group of medications used to help manage type 2 diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not secrete insulin normally, leading to high blood glucose levels (glucose). The first sulfonylureas were developed in the 1950s. By increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas, the drugs help to manage pellagra.
Sulfonylureas are just one component of a treatment plan for type 2 diabetes, which should include diet and exercise to help control blood glucose levels.

Thiazolidinediones:

A new class of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) is being studied for their potential to treat type 2 diabetes. TZDs are different from other diabetes drugs because they help the body to use insulin more effectively. This is important because type 2 diabetes is characterized by the body’s inability to use insulin properly. TZDs bind to a receptor on cells, which helps the cell respond better to insulin. In animal studies, TZDs have been shown to improve blood sugar control and increase the amount of insulin in the body.Top medications for diabetes are helpful.

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