Beautiful hair adorn a person and give confidence in their own beauty. Therefore, we devote a lot of time and effort to carefully caring for it. Unfortunately, sometimes our desire to save hair is not enough, because there are factors that affect not only its beauty, but also health, causing hair loss.
Throughout life, we constantly lose hair, but at the same time new ones grow. If this does not happen, experts say about alopecia – pathological hair loss. Healthline, after consulting with dermatologist Rachel Cochran Gathers, MD, spoke about the types of alopecia and how to deal with it.
Usually, people begin to notice that they lose more hair as they age, but even children can experience hair loss. It can develop evenly, also be temporary or unchanged.
Often, people only notice the problem when the loss becomes significant and rapid. Experts advise to pay attention to early, less noticeable symptoms:
Hairline. As you part your hair, you may notice that the parting has widened, indicating that the hair is thinning.
Bald patches. Pay attention to the extreme part of the hair growth – if it changes, this may mean that shedding is occurring.
Hair brush. Every day we lose 50 to 100 hairs, but if the amount of hair remaining after combing on the comb has increased, this process should be monitored.
Pain and itching. Some diseases that cause hair loss can make your scalp sore.
What is a fallout?
Depending on the causes, there are different types of hair loss. The main ones include:
Alopecia areata: This is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks one’s own hair follicles. With this type of hair loss, a person can lose hair not only on the head, but also on eyelashes, eyebrows and other parts of the body.
Androgenetic alopecia: the most common type of hair loss caused by hereditary factors and differs between men and women. Yes, women may complain of thinning of the scalp, and men of hair loss above the temples and at the crown.
Anagenic alopecia: Involves rapid hair loss, usually after chemical or radiation therapy. This process can be reversed.
Telogen alopecia: a sudden occurrence caused by an emotional or physical shock, such as stress or a serious illness. In addition, hormonal causes, such as pregnancy, endocrine disorders, contraceptives or other drugs, can lead to it.
Traction alopecia: constant pressure and tension of the scalp, for example, due to too tight hair, can lead to this appearance.
Shingles: a fungal infection that can affect the scalp and hair. It causes the appearance of small spots covered with scales and causing itching.
How to diagnose and treat hair loss?
Since there can be many reasons for hair loss, it is best to consult a doctor. The specialist will be able to evaluate complaints and conduct a comprehensive examination of the body to establish the impact factor. In addition, laboratory tests or a biopsy of a scalp particle may be ordered.
Depending on the underlying cause of hair loss, doctors may suggest several treatments.
Local and drug therapy. As a rule, it is recommended to start with topical products, such as gels, solutions or shampoos, which are applied directly to the scalp.
If the cause of baldness is an autoimmune or other disease, the doctor may prescribe oral anti-inflammatory drugs that directly affect it.
Medical procedures. If alternative treatments fail, surgery may be required. So, transplant surgery can help move a certain amount of hair to a bare surface. Since the prolapse sometimes progresses, it may be necessary to repeat the procedure in the future.
In addition to treatment, in everyday life you too can follow certain tips to minimize hair loss. The main ones include:
Choose a free hairstyle. Don’t keep your hair in a bun or braid all the time, give it a break from excessive pressure.
Dry Properly. After washing your hair, do not rub your hair too hard and do not twist with a towel.
Don’t hurt your hair. Avoid touching your hair and scalp unnecessarily.
Watch your nutrition. Enrich your diet with the nutrients you need for overall health and hair growth and beauty.
The problem of hair loss is quite common, and each case requires an individual approach. Take care of your hair properly and carefully, and in case of excessive hair loss, do not hesitate to contact specialists for timely assistance.
Earlier, GLOBAL HAPPENINGS spoke about the cause of hair damage. Experts noted that excessive friction during shampooing can lead to brittle hair and increased skin sensitivity.
I’m a journalist who covers health care news. I’ve been working in the news industry for more than 6 years. I have experience writing for print, online, and television. My work has been published by various news websites and magazines.