Three quarters of the 7,500 nursing homes in the territory had at least one resident infected with Covid-19 in 2020, and one in five establishments experienced a critical episode of the epidemic resulting in numerous deaths, a study by the Directorate of research, studies, evaluation and statistics (DREES). According to this study, based on reports from establishments to the platform set up by Public Health France, 72.3% of nursing homes in France (excluding Martinique, Guyana and Mayotte) were affected in 2020 by Covid-19 and 20 % reported a “critical episode, in which at least 10 residents or 10% of all residents died”.
Among the some 600,000 residents of nursing homes, 38% were infected in total and 5% died, or 29,300 deaths recorded in an institution or after a transfer to a hospital, details this study by the statistical department of social ministries.
Two waves of contamination
In addition, more than three out of ten establishments (34.4%) experienced several episodes of contamination in 2020. As with the rest of the population, these structures welcoming vulnerable elderly people experienced two waves of contamination last year. The first in the spring was concentrated in Ile-de-France, in the Grand-Est and Hauts-de-France, where more than 55% of nursing homes reported a case among residents. The second wave from September affected more widely the whole of the territory, causing twice as much contamination of residents as the first, it is detailed.
However, “the number of deaths is identical” – a little less than 15,000 people in each wave – specifies the Drees, explaining that this can be linked “to a better detection of asymptomatic cases thanks to the tests or a better management of the forms. severe disease “.
Vaccination, which began with nursing homes at the end of 2020, has since made it possible to “significantly reduce” the number of establishments affected by Covid-19. In January and February, some 4,700 residents died from the virus, then 600 between March and May, says Drees.
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