The times for calling the elections, for the installation of the new Chambers and therefore for the birth of a new government are rather long and even rigid, because they are marked by the Constitution. This is the reason why, in the event of Draghi’s irrevocable resignation and early termination of the legislature, the new executive would take office in late autumn, between late October and early November at best, i.e. in full budget session. A circumstance that raises the problem of presenting the Budget Law to the Chambers by 15 October.
Article 61 of our Charter states that “the elections of the new Chambers take place within seventy days from the end of the previous ones”. In the past, between the decree of dissolution of the Chambers by the Quirinale and the subsequent polls, between 60 and 70 days have always elapsed. The times may seem excessively long, but the formalities for the parties are numerous, not only for the electoral campaign but also for the presentation of the lists that must be accompanied by a considerable number of signatures (between 1,500 and 2,000 signatures in each proportional district for parties that do not have parliamentary groups). If, therefore, hypothetically, the Chambers were dissolved on 20 July, citizens could go to the polling stations on Sunday 25 September. It is also possible that to avoid an electoral campaign totally under umbrellas, the dissolution of the Chambers may take place after 20 July, to vote perhaps on Sunday 2 October.
Article 61 of the Constitution also establishes that “the first meeting of the Chambers takes place no later than the twentieth day after the elections, therefore it would arrive at a date between 15 and 22 October. Once the Presidents of the Chamber and Senate have been elected and formed the parliamentary groups, Mattarella would open the consultations, the outcome of which depends on the clarity of the electoral result. In 2018 the vote was taken on March 4 and the Conte I government was sworn in on June 1, that is 90 days later; in 2013 after the polls on February 24 the Letta government took the oath on April 28, that is to say 63 days later; in 2008, after the clear success of the center-right on April 13, the oath of Berlusconi IV came on May 8, therefore 25 days after the vote.
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