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Mullah regime attacks Kurdistan: Iran bombs Kurdish exiles in Iraq

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Iranian troops have attacked Kurdish units in Iraq. Bases of Kurdish-Iranian parties whose activists had once fled the mullahs’ regime to the neighboring country were shelled on Saturday. Affected were places near the northern Iraqi Kurdish metropolis of Erbil.

The rocket fire by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards was justified in Tehran’s state media as a “legitimate reaction” to attacks by Kurdish militias on military camps in mountainous, Kurdish-influenced western Iran. The Kurdish exile organizations also wanted to smuggle weapons into Iran for the current protests.

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Among the targets of the mullahs’ regime were apparently offshoots of the left-wing Komala and the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI). The latter organization also included the four men who were shot by Hezbollah assassins on behalf of the Iranian secret service in 1992 in the Berlin restaurant “Mykonos”.

autonomous region in Iraq

A commander of the KDPI-affiliated Peshmerga was quoted as saying by the Kurdish Rudaw channel that since 3 p.m. on Saturday, Iran’s troops have used various weapons to attack Sidakan north of Erbil. The shelling destroyed agricultural land, but the party’s forces remained unharmed.

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In the region, the militias that are close to the Kurdish parties and act as de facto armies are referred to as peshmerga. Millions of Kurds live in Turkey, Iraq, Syria and Iran – in all of these states there are autonomy movements of varying strength.

After the fall of the Arab nationalist dictator Saddam Hussein in 2003, the Kurds succeeded in establishing an autonomous region in Iraq that has diplomatic relations with various countries. Kurdish activists from neighboring states have repeatedly fled to the autonomous region, which is usually abbreviated to KRG.

The trigger for the anti-government protests in neighboring Iran is the death of a 22-year-old in police custody: Mahsa Amini from the Iranian Kurdish region died last week. For decades there have been violent clashes between regime forces and Kurdish insurgents in Iran.

And Iran’s attack on Kurdish associations in Iraq also has a long tradition. It was not until March that the mullahs’ regime claimed responsibility for rocket fire on buildings in Erbil. The Iranian Revolutionary Guards claimed at the time that the attack was aimed at a base of the Israeli secret service: they had attacked the Mossad in retaliation for the killing of two Iranians in Syria’s Damascus.

Iran-critical protests in Erbil, the capital of the Kurdish autonomous region in northern Iraq.
© REUTERS / AZAD LASHKARI

The mullah regime supports Syria’s central government and controls many places in Syria with its Revolutionary Guards and the Shiite Islamist militia Hezbollah from neighboring Lebanon. Iran’s rulers and Hezbollah view Israel as their archenemy.

In the fight against the Kurdish, secular autonomy movement, Iran is again working together with Turkey. Tehran and Ankara, whose army maintains its own occupation zones with Sunni Islamists in the Kurdish north of Syria, are concerned with the socialist PJAK.

The PJAK abbreviated “Party of Free Life Kurdistan” is considered the Iranian sister organization of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, the PKK. This is also banned in Germany and has been fighting since the 1980s, first for independence and now for autonomy for the Kurdish region in south-eastern Turkey.

Just a month ago, the Turkish secret service, with Iran’s help, killed a PJAK official in Kamishli, northern Syria, using a drone. In northern Syria, a coalition led by the secular Kurdish party PYD is also defending an autonomous region. In particular, the Kurdish YPG militia within the multinational, intersectarian alliance SDF had defeated the “Islamic State” (IS) in Syria.

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Source: Tagesspiegel

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