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Maneuver, news and knots. Giorgetti: ‘More targeted aid’

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“It goes without saying that we are going through a phase of severe economic and social difficulty and great uncertainty regarding the geopolitical context”. Like this the Economy Minister, Giancarlo Giorgetti, in the introduction to the budget planning document. Faced with the high energy cost affecting businesses and the rise in inflation affecting households, “a continuation and strengthening of aid to businesses and households is imperative, making it even more targeted, incisive and differentiated”, he explains. This is also “so that budgetary resources are spent wisely”.

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The interventions of the maneuver “are characterized by a targeted and temporary approach” and the government “takes a commitment to reduce and then eliminate aid and tax cuts as soon as the prices of natural gas, energy and fuel return to levels in line with the pre-crisis period”, reads the Dpb. “At the end of March, in view of the 2023 Stability Programme, the government will reassess the situation and, if necessary, implement new measures to combat high energy prices, using as a priority any additional revenue and cost savings that may arise in the first months of the year”.

Roofs and lower earnings, the nodes of the new pensions – Here comes the ‘flexible early retirement’ but with a ceiling on the check and a ban on accumulation. There is an adjustment to inflation but only for pensions up to 2,100 euros: for all the other allowances reduced compared to expectations with lower earnings of over 400 euros per year. From 103 to the new calculation method for revaluing cost of living allowances, the innovations in the field of pensions introduced by the maneuver leave some knots open. To which are added the doubts also around the new Option for women. The major concern is the new pension equalization mechanism, which marks a return to ‘bands’ in place of the more favorable three Prodi ‘brackets’ restored last year by the Draghi government. In fact, from January 1st, the adjustment to inflation (which a decree of Economy Minister Giorgetti has set at 7.3%) will be full only for checks equal to or less than 4 times the minimum (2,096 euros gross). , but beyond that threshold progressive cuts are triggered. The revaluation will therefore be 80% for the 2,096-2,620 euro range; to then progressively drop to 55%, 50%, 40% and finally 35% for pensions exceeding 10 times the minimum (5,240 euros gross). This means that those who receive 2,600 euros gross will see their pension rise by 146 euros (the 80% revaluation translates into a +5.84%), but losing about 34 euros per month compared to the old system and 446 per month. year. For a gross check of 3,100 euros, you will end up pocketing 110 euros less per month. A system that allows savings (estimated around 2 billion) necessary to cover the social security measures contained in the budget law. But that sends the unions into a rage. “Italian pensioners are treated like ATMs”, attacks the general secretary of Spi-Cgil Ivan Pedretti, noting that pensions of 1,500-1,600 euros net per month, the result of over 40 years of work and contributions paid, are “passed for rich”. On the other hand, the gains – albeit slightly – will be the minimum pensions, for which a 120% revaluation is envisaged: in addition to the 7.3% adjustment, there will also be an increase of 1.5 percentage points each month ( and another 2.7 points in 2024) and thus the 2.5 million pensioners involved will receive 570 euros. About 8 euros more than necessary, but Forza Italia aims to do more: “We tell the government that, digging into the folds of the budget, it is possible to find other funds to bring them to 600 euros, at least for those over 70 and a Isee very low”, says the vice president of the Chamber Giorgio Mulè.

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For cigarettes, 20 cents rise, e-cigs also go up – The increase in the cost of cigarettes envisaged by the draft of the maneuver amounts to about 20 cents in the first year and is between 10 and 15 on average over the three years. After two years of no tax increases, the text raises the so-called ‘specific’ excise duty (today in Italy at the lowest levels in Europe) from 23 to 36 euros per 1,000 cigarettes in 2023, to 36.50 euros per 1,000 cigarettes in 2024 and to 37.00 euros per 1,000 cigarettes starting from 2025. An increase in the fixed part which entails an automatic reduction in the variable part of the excise duty and which, on balance, translates precisely into an average increase in prices, considering both high and low-end products, about 20 cents a pack the first year and 10-15 cents over the three years on average. The tax on electronic cigarettes, already protagonists of increases in past years but then sterilized, is stabilized. In this case it is about 8 cents per ml for e-cigs without nicotine and about 13 euro cents per ml for products with nicotine. In the wake of recent years in this case, the tax on heated tobacco continues to increase. Over the four years it amounts to 10-15 cents. According to some estimates, the whole operation would involve a collection of over 100 million a year.

Mit, 3 billion more years for the Ionian state – Stop the increases in fines and ad hoc financing for some important works such as the Turin-Lyon and the SS106: in particular, in the last case, a multi-year loan of 3 billion euros is envisaged for the modernization and safety of the artery in the section falling within the Calabria Region, “a historic result after years of unheard requests”. This was announced by MIT led by Matteo Salvini, boasting “concrete results that go in the direction indicated in the electoral program”.

Up to 90% Mef advance to university for postgraduates – Change the funding regime for universities for the economic treatment of postgraduates. The Mef is authorized to grant advances to universities, “based on the level of financing pertaining to the financial year, to an extent not exceeding 90% (instead of the 80% previously fixed, ed.) of the value established in the last allotment available approved by decree of the President of the Council of Ministers, or by the provisional value of the funding estimated by the Ministry of University and Research with directorial decree”. The maneuver provides for it, as stated in a draft of the text approved by the Council of Ministers. “The Ministry of the Economy and Finance is authorized to carry out, where necessary, recoveries or compensations, also using loans from different years”, we read.

6 million to support sports, half for maternity athletes – 6 million euros are on the way to support the Italian sports movement, half of which to support maternity leave for non-professional athletes. In the first draft of the maneuver circulated since yesterday, the Single Fund created for this purpose in the 2018 budget law (10.5 million euros a year from 2021), has increased by another 2 million “for each of the years 2023, 2024 and 2025, of which 1 million euros is intended to support maternity leave for non-professional athletes”.

200 million arrive in 4 years for ski facilities – “In order to promote tourist attractiveness and to encourage tourist flows in mountain places and ski areas, guaranteeing the safety of the installations, a Fund has been set up in the estimates of the Ministry of Tourism, with an endowment of 30 euros million for the year 2023, 50 million euros for the year 2024, 70 million euros for the year 2025 and 50 million euros for the year 2026, to be allocated to companies operating cableway lifts and of artificial snow, in order to carry out energy efficiency, restructuring, modernization and maintenance interventions, aimed at guaranteeing adequate safety standards”. An article of the maneuver in the draft circulated yesterday provides for it. “The resources – it is pointed out – can also be used for the decommissioning of ski lifts that are no longer used or obsolete, for the reduction of the environmental impact and, to the extent of 1 million, for the development of snow-farming projects”.

Even in 2023, the audience will be enlarged for the suspension of mortgages – There are not only the facilitations for the purchase of the first home for young people under 36 and single parents with minor children among the measures of the maneuver in support of those who want or have taken out a mortgage: as stated in the first draft circulated since yesterday, access to the Gasparrini Fund, the solidarity fund on first home mortgages, will continue to be allowed to a wider audience also throughout 2023, as established since the beginning of the pandemic. Not only Cig workers but also those who have lost their jobs, freelancers and VAT numbers in economic difficulty, building cooperatives will therefore be able to request the suspension of mortgage installments through the fund.

Source: Ansa

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